Let's look at the third method, which is secure MPC. Imagine Jane wants to know how many phones are reporting fever. John sending “one” means he has a fever and “zero” means he does not. To do this, John’s phone sends “70” to server P on the left and the number “minus 69'' to server Q on the right. Of course, 70 minus 69 is one. The second phone sends 38 and -37. Third sends 42 and -42. The Left server adds up to 150, and the right server to -148. And that leads to the answer 2 people with fever which Jane sees without knowing about John or his fever status.